Its location attracted English mill owners; immigrants from Ayrshire and the Highlands poured into a town that offered jobs to women and children.
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Manufacturing facility in Houston, TX. Every Harrison hydraulic generator goes through the most advanced computerized testing, with documentation of the test results provided with each product. Customized or off-the-shelf, all Harrison hydraulic generators are tested to the same standards. Woven Microfibre Product Care: In the town's status was raised by James IV to Burgh of barony. Many trades sprang up and the first school was established in by the Town Council. The Paisley witches , also known as the Bargarran witches or the Renfrewshire witches, were tried in Paisley in Seven were convicted and five were hanged and then burnt on the Gallow Green.
Their remains were buried at Maxwelton Cross in the west end of the town. This was the last mass execution for witchcraft in western Europe. A horse shoe is still visible in the middle of this busy road junction today—though not the original. The Industrial Revolution , based on the textile industry, turned Paisley from a small market town to an important industrial town in the late 18th century. Its location attracted English mill owners; immigrants from Ayrshire and the Highlands poured into a town that offered jobs to women and children.
However, silk fell out of fashion in Under the leadership of Thomas Coats , Paisley became the world centre for thread making. The high-status skilled weavers mobilised themselves in radical protests after , culminating in the failed "Radical War" of Overproduction, the collapse of the shawl market and a general depression in the textile industry led to technical changes that reduced the importance of weavers.
Politically the mill owners remained in control of the town. By the midth century weaving had become the town's principal industry. The Paisley weavers' most famous products were the shawls, which bore the Paisley Pattern made fashionable after being worn by a young Queen Victoria.
Despite being of a Kashmiri design and manufactured in other parts of Europe, the teardrop-like pattern soon became known by Paisley's name across the western world. Through its weaving fraternity, Paisley gained notoriety as being a literate and somewhat radical town and between and became the scene of a Radical War. Political intrigue, early trades unionism and reforming zeal came together to produce mass demonstrations, cavalry charges down the high street, public riots and trials for treason.
Documentation from the period indicates that overthrow of the government was even contemplated by some. A mixture of religious opinions and healthy drink-fueled debate raged at night amongst the weavers, poets, merchants, masons and others. The perceived radical nature of the inhabitants prompted the Tory Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli to comment "Keep your eye on Paisley".
The poet Robert Tannahill lived in this setting, working as a weaver. Paisley's annual Sma' Shot Day celebrations held on the first Saturday of July  were initiated in to commemorate a 19th-century dispute between weavers and employers over payment for "sma' shot" — a small cotton thread which, although unseen, was necessary in holding together garments.
A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of Paisley Barracks in The economic crisis of —43 hit Paisley hard as most of the mills shut down.
Among the mill owners, 67 of went bankrupt. A quarter of the population was on poor relief. He secured additional funds for relief and sent his own representative to the city to supervise its distribution. He convinced Queen Victoria to wear Paisley products in order to popularise the products and stimulate demand. The American Civil War of — cut off cotton supplies to the textile mills of Paisley. The mills in had a stock of cotton in reserve, but by there was large-scale shortages and shutdowns.
There were no alternative jobs for the workers, and local authorities refuse to provide relief. Voluntary relief efforts were inadequate, and the unemployed workers refused to go to workhouses. Workers blamed not the United States, but rather the officials in London for their hardship and did not support the idea of war with the United States. Paisley suffered heavy losses in the First World War.
Its stunning war memorial was designed by Sir Robert Lorimer in and depicts Robert the Bruce going into battle on horseback escorted by footsoldiers dressed as First World War infantry soldiers. It was sculpted by Alice Meredith Williams.
Paisley was also the site of an incident that gave rise to a major legal precedent. In a Paisley cafe in , a woman allegedly found a dead snail in a bottle of ginger beer, and became ill. She sued the manufacturer for negligence. At the time a manufacturer was considered liable only if there was a contract in place with the harmed party. However, after Donoghue v Stevenson wound through the courts, a precedent was established that manufacturers and other "neighbours" or fellow citizens owe a duty not to do foreseeable harm to others by negligence, regardless of contractual obligations, which paved the way for modern tort law.
The case is often called the "Paisley snail. Although it was not bombed as heavily as nearby Glasgow see Clydebank Blitz , air raids still occurred periodically during the early years of the war, killing nearly a hundred people in several separate incidents; on 6 May , a parachute mine was dropped in the early hours of the morning claiming 92 victims; this is billed the worst disaster in Paisley's history.
There are some hills and ridges which have been absorbed as the town has expanded. Oakshaw is a conservation area , and on the high ground many of Paisley's significant buildings can be found, such as the High Kirk , the Coats Observatory and the former John Neilson Institution, which was once a school and is now converted into residential flats.
Around the centre there are a large number of older residential buildings. The town centre, Whitehaugh, Seedhill and Charleston areas contain many examples of Scottish tenement flats. Three to four storeys tall, with shops on the ground floor and constructed of local pale and red sandstone , these tenement flats have been extensively restored and modernised over the last two decades [ when? Paisley expanded steadily, particularly in the Victorian and Edwardian eras , creating many suburbs.
Castlehead is a wooded conservation area primarily made up of Victorian villas where many of the town's leading industrialists made their homes in the late 19th century. Thornly Park is another conservation area, to the south of the town, just off Neilston Road heading towards Barrhead. It contains a variety of architecture ranging from mock Tudor to Art Deco. Many of the houses were designed by W.
Particularly following the Housing Act , modern Paisley grew into the surrounding countryside, and several large residential areas were created in the post-war period.
Gockston in the far north of the town has many terraced houses, and after regeneration has many detached and semi-detached houses as well as several blocks of flats. Dykebar , to the south east of the town centre, is a residential area which is also the site of a secure psychiatric hospital.
On the outskirts of the town are a number of settlements such as Ralston , a residential area in the far east bordering the city of Glasgow.
Ralston was outside the Paisley burgh boundary when constructed in the s, but as a result of local authority reorganisation in the s, it is now a suburb of Paisley. Paisley, as with other areas in Renfrewshire, was at one time famous for its weaving and textile industries.
As a consequence, the Paisley pattern has long symbolic associations with the town. Until the Jacquard loom was introduced in the s, weaving was a cottage industry. This innovation led to the industrialisation of the process and many larger mills were created in the town. Also as a consequence of greater mechanisation, many weavers lost their livelihoods and left for Canada and Australia.
Paisley was for many years a centre for the manufacture of cotton sewing thread. By the end of the , there was no thread being produced in Paisley. The town also supported a number of engineering works some of which relied on the textile industry, others on shipbuilding. These have declined in the area, with engineering firms such as Fullerton, Hodgart and Barclay and Whites Engineering [ clarification needed ] closing in the mids.
A number of food manufacture companies have existed in Paisley. The preserve manufacturer Robertsons began in Paisley as a grocer whose wife started making marmalade from oranges in Brown and Polson was formed in Paisley in and two years later started producing starch for the weaving trades, by it was making food products including its patent cornflour.
The company ceased production in Paisley in A number of industries remained in the area until recent times. In Peugeot Talbot , formerly Chrysler and before that Rootes , announced that its Linwood factory just outside Paisley would cease production. This led to the loss of almost 5, jobs. Both companies employ considerably fewer people than in the past. The land has been purchased by Miller development and currently miller homes is beginning to build houses on the land.
Glasgow Airport , located on the edge of Paisley, is also a significant employer and part of the area's transport infrastructure. The airline Loganair 's registered office is located within the airport complex. Mackays had its head office in Caledonia House in Paisley. Numerous private developers have invested, creating various retail outlets, vehicle showrooms, restaurants, a cinema complex, hotel and a business centre.
In , the town launched its bid to become UK City of Culture in Although Paisley is not a city, it is eligible to apply, as the competition - run by the UK Government's Department for Culture, Media and Sport - is open to large towns and urban areas. On 15 July Paisley was announced as one of the five shortlisted candidates, alongside Coventry, Stoke, Sunderland and Swansea.
As the administrative centre of the county of Renfrewshire , Renfrew District and, currently, Renfrewshire council area , Paisley is home to many significant civic buildings.
The Clarks and Coats families dominated Paisley industry until their companies merged in Designed by Hutcheson, Locke and Monk following a competition, the building was designed to house offices of both the county and town councils. It was intended to become a civic hub for Paisley but the absence of any shops and non-council premises prevented this from happening. It is listed by the conservation organisation DoCoMoMo as one of the sixty key Scottish monuments of the post-war period.
Other civic buildings of interest include the Russell Institute , an art deco building constructed in Most noticeable among the buildings of Paisley is its medieval Abbey in the centre of the town dating from the 12th century. The earliest surviving architecture is the south-east doorway in the nave from the cloister, which has a round arched doorway typical of Romanesque or Norman architecture which was the prevalent architectural style before the adoption of Gothic.
The choir east end and tower date from the late 19th and early 20th centuries and are examples of Gothic Revival architecture. They were reconstructed in three main phases of restorations with the tower and choir conforming to the designs of Dr Peter MacGregor Chalmers. The roof in the nave is the most recent of restorations with the plaster ceiling by Rev Dr Boog which was added in the s being replaced by a timber roof in The exterior is made of old red sandstone.
Inside, the church is decorated with wood carvings, mosaic floors and marble fonts. The church also contains a pipe Hill Organ. The church was completed in to replace an earlier building, in nearby East Buchanan Street, which dated from The original St Mirin's church was the first Catholic church to be built in Scotland since the Reformation. With the erection of the Diocese of Paisley in the church was raised to cathedral status.
As a result of its historic textile industry, Paisley has many examples of Victorian industrial architecture. Most notable is the Category A listed Anchor Mills, built in The building was converted in into residential flats. Another landmark connected with the textile industry is the Dooslan Stane or Stone. The stone was a meeting place of the Weavers Union in the south of Paisley; it was also used as a " soapbox " and was originally inscribed with its history now largely faded.
It was moved from its original site at the corner of Neilston Road and Rowan Street to its present location in Brodie Park. Also present, arranged around the Dooslan Stane, are the four original Paisley Tolbooth stones. The Dooslan Stane is still used today as the congregating point for the annual Sma' Shot parade which takes place on the first Saturday in July.
The High Street drill hall was completed in about The composer Thomas Wilson 's work Passeleth Tapestry later his Fourth Symphony commemorates the history of Paisley in a single minute movement. The town also has a memorial to the legal case of Donoghue v Stevenson , also known as the Paisley Snail Case, which established the modern rules of negligence in Scots law and the legal systems of the Commonwealth.
Paisley is the main site for the modern University of the West of Scotland , which was created from a merger between the University of Paisley and Bell College in Hamilton, South Lanarkshire.
The University of Paisley was granted university status in , having existed previously as a central institution known as Paisley College of Technology. The further education college West College Scotland has a campus in the town; this institution was previously known as Reid Kerr College. There are currently four comprehensive state secondary schools in Paisley:
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